Types of cockroaches and their characteristics
The main cockroaches relative to our area is the American Cockroach, Smokey Brown Cockroach and the German Cockroach. The German Cockroach is one of the worst for infesting homes.
American cockroaches are not a common pest in the North Carolina home and are generally found in sewers and commercial facilities such as restaurants or hospitals. They are strong fliers and easily migrate from building to building. They prefer warm damp locations and their preferred diet is fermenting food sources but they will feed on a variety of food sources.
American cockroaches are red-brown in color and size ranges from 1 3/8 to 2 1/8 inches. They can also be distinguished from their fully developed wings which completely cover their abdomen.
German cockroaches are the most common household insect in the US and unlike their name suggests, not from Germany. The German cockroach will typically infest kitchens and bathrooms but anywhere inside a heated structure where there is water, food and harborage for them. They can gain entry into grocery bags, cardboard boxes, drink cards, toasters and microwaves. German Cockroaches prefer to live in cracks and crevices near food and water and will spend up to three quarters of their time there. They will feed on any kind of food including pet food, toothpaste and soap.
German cockroaches are light brown to tan in color, have fully developed wings and are 1/2 to 5/8 inches long.
Smokey Brown Cockroach
Smokey brown cockroaches can be found in wood piles, flower plants, garages, attics and crawlspaces. They are strong fliers and are attracted to light.
Smokey brown cockroaches are dark brown to mahogany in color and are smaller than the American roach and are between 1 – 1 1/4 inches long.